ELA 8: Vocabulary Words

Vocabulary quizzes can come in the following format and/or a combination of formats:

  • Verbal: I say the word, you spell it
  • Matching: Match words to definitions/ synonyms
  • Synonym: I will provide the word, and you will provide a synonym, or vice versa

Week 10/5-10/9

Adamant- (adjective) refusing to be persuaded or to change one’s mind
Brazen- (adjective) bold and without shame
Candid- (adjective) truthful and straightforward; frank
Conventional- (adjective) based on or according to what is generally done or believed
Economize- (verb) to spend less; reduce one’s expenses
Eradicate- (verb) destroy completely; put an end to
Foolhardy- (adjective) recklessly bold or rash
Indignant- (adjective) feeling or showing anger or annoyance at what is perceived as unfair treatment
Revere- (verb) feel deep respect or admiration for (something)
Thwart- (verb) prevent (someone) from accomplishing something

Week 10/13-10/16

Accelerate- (verb) to move faster
Adhere- (verb) to stick firmly to; to remain devoted to or be in support of something
Cantankerous- (adjective) stubbornly obstructive and unwilling to cooperate
Caprice- (noun) a sudden, impulsive change or action; a sudden, unpredictable change of weather
Compel- (verb) force somebody to do something
Destitute- (adjective) lacking possessions and resources; extremely poor
Err- (verb) to make a mistake
Imply- (verb) to express or state indirectly
Refrain- (verb) to resist doing something
Vague- (adjective) not clear in meaning; not thinking or expressing your thoughts clearly or precisely

Week 10/19-10/23

 Meager- (adjective) [of something provided or available] lacking in quantity or quality.
 Mock- (adjective) [of an object] not real or authentic, but without the intention to deceive
 Opportune- (adjective) done or occurring at a favorable or useful time
 Palatable- (adjective) [of a food or drink] pleasant to taste; [of a an action or idea] acceptable or satisfactory
 Profound- (adjective) [of a person or statement] having or showing great knowledge or insight
 Reimburse- (verb) to repay (a person who has spent or lost money)
 Suppress- (verb) prevent the development, action, or expression of (a feeling, impulse, idea, etc.)
 Synopsis- (noun) a brief summary or general survey of something
 Tangible- (adjective) able to be seen or noticed by touch
 Terse- (adjective) using very few words

Week 10/26-10/30

 Abhor- (verb) to dislike (someone or something) very much
 Adversary- (noun) a person, group, or force that opposes or attacks; opponent; enemy
 Belligerent- (adjective) inclined or eager to fight; hostile or aggressive
 Benevolent- (adjective) characterized by or expressing goodwill or kindly feelings
 Despondent- (adjective) in low spirits from loss of hope or courage; hopeless
 Endorse- (verb) to publicly or officially say that you support or approve of (someone or something)
 Fervent- (adjective) having or showing great warmth of intensity of spirit, feeling, enthusiasm, etc.; having or showing very strong feelings
 Incentive- (noun) Something, such as the fear of punishment or the expectation of reward, that induces action or motivates effort
 Mar- (verb) to ruin the beauty or perfection of (something); to hurt or damage the good condition of (something)
 Plagiarism- (noun) an act or instance of using or closely imitating the language and thoughts of another author without authorization and the representation of that author’s work as one’s own, as by not crediting the original author

Week 11/2-11/6

 Allusion- (noun) a brief and indirect reference to a person, place, thing or idea of historical, cultural, literary or political significance. It does not describe in detail the person or thing to which it refers.
 Bare- (adjective) [of a person or part of the body] not clothed or covered
 Bear- (verb) to hold up; support; endure
 Complement- (noun) either of two parts or things needed to complete the whole; counterpart
 Compliment- (noun) an expression of praise, commendation, or admiration; (verb) to congratulate
 Illusion- (noun) something that deceives by producing a false or misleading impression of reality
 Precede- (adjective) to go before, as in place, order, rank, importance, or time
 Principal- (noun) the head or director of a school; (adjective) first or highest in rank, importance, value, etc.
 Principle- (noun) A basic truth or proposition that serves as the foundation for a system of belief or behavior or for a chain of  reasoning
 Proceed- (verb) To go forward or onward, especially after an interruption

Week 11/9-11/13

 Attentive- (adjective) paying close attention to something
 Because- (conjunction) for the reason that; since
 Disdain- (noun) the feeling that someone or something is unworthy of one’s consideration or respect; contempt
 Eavesdrop- (verb) To listen secretly to the private conversation of others
 Falter- (verb) move unsteadily or in a way that shows lack of confidence
 Impending- (adjective) close in time; about to occur
 Meticulous- (adjective) showing great attention to detail; very careful and precise
 Replenish- (verb) fill (something) up again; restore (a stock or supply of something) to the former level or condition
 Uncanny- (adjective) beyond the ordinary or normal; supernatural; uncomfortably strange
 Withhold- (verb) refuse to give (something that is due to or is desired by another)

Week 11/16-11/20

 Abundant- (adjective) existing or available in large quantities
 Cower- (verb) to crouch down in fear
 Exasperation- (noun) a feeling of intense irritation or annoyance
 Fallacy- (noun) ) a mistaken belief, especially one based on unsound argument
 Illuminate- (verb) to lighten up
 Monotonous- (adjective) dull, tedious, and repetitious; lacking in variety and interest; [of a sound] lacking in variation in tone or pitch
 Obscure- (adjective) [of meaning] not clear or plain; vague, or uncertain
 Rant- (verb) to talk loudly and in a way that shows anger; to complain in a way that is unreasonable
 Technique- (noun) a skillful or efficient way of doing or achieving something
 Unanimous- (adjective) [of two or more people] fully in agreement

Week 11/30-12/4

 Available- (adjective) able to be used or obtained; at someone’s disposal
 Companion- (noun) a person or animal with whom one spends a lot of time or with whom one travels
 Confiscate- (verb) to take (something) away from someone especially as punishment or to enforce the law or rules
 Cunning- (adjective) having or showing skill in achieving one’s ends by deceit or evasion
 Jovial- (adjective) cheerful and friendly
 Outrageous- (adjective) shockingly bad or excessive; very bold, unusual, and startling
 Recluse- (noun) a person who lives a solitary life and tends to avoid other people
 Seldom- (adverb) not often; rarely
 Voracious- (adjective) wanting or devouring great quantities of food; having a very eager approach to an activity
 Withdraw- (verb) to remove or take away (something) from a particular place or position

Week 12/7-12/11

 Banish- (verb) to send (someone) away from a country or place as an official punishment
 Counter- (verb) to speak or act in opposition/ against to
 Destination- (noun) the place to which someone or something is going or being sent
 Fatal- (adjective) causing or capable of causing death
 Narrate- (verb) to add a spoken commentary to (a film, television program, etc.); to give an account of (events, for example) in speech or writing  or by means of images
 Potential- (adjective) the capacity to become or develop into something in the future
 Quell- (verb) put an end to (a rebellion or other disorder), typically by the use of force; suppress (a feeling, especially an unpleasant one)
 Sociable- (adjective) willing to talk and engage in activities with other people; friendly
 Stamina- (noun) the ability to sustain physical or mental effort for a long time
 Zeal- (noun) great energy or enthusiasm for a cause or a goal

Week 12/14-12/18

  Arbitrary- (adjective) based on random choice or personal whim/preference, rather than any reason or system
  Assembly- (noun) a group of persons gathered together for a common reason, as for a legislative, religious, educational, or social purpose
  Clarification- (noun) the action of making a statement or situation less confused and more comprehensible
  Devious- (adjective) willing to lie and trick people in order to get what is wanted
  Impartial- (adjective) treating all people and groups equally; not partial or biased
  Meander- (intransitive verb)  to move aimlessly and idly without fixed direction; to follow a winding and turning course
  Necessary- (adjective)  needed to achieve a certain desired effect or result; required
  Relieve- (verb) to cause (pain, distress, or difficulty) to become less severe or serious; to release (someone) from duty by taking their place
  Remark- (verb) say something as a comment; mention; (noun) a written or spoken comment
  Vigor- (noun) physical strength and good health

Week 1/4-8

 Ambitious- (adjective) having or showing a strong desire and determination to succeed
 Duplicate- (verb) to make or be an exact copy of
 Exaggerate- (verb) to represent (something) as being larger, greater, better, or worse than it really is
 Fidget- (verb) to make small movements, especially of the hands and feet, through nervousness or impatience
 Frantic- (adjective) feeling or showing a lot of fear and worry
 Muster- (verb) to cause to come together; gather
 Recognition- (noun) acknowledgment of something’s existence or validity
 Resign- (verb) to voluntarily leave a job or other position
 Splendor- (noun) great brilliance, richness, or glory; impressively beautiful appearance
 Tremble- (verb) to shake involuntarily, typically as a result of anxiety, excitement, or frailty

Week 1/11-15

 Conclude- (verb) to bring (something) to an end; to arrive at a judgment or opinion by reasoning
 Convey- (verb) to make (an idea, impression, or feeling) known or understandable to someone; to communicate (a message or information)
 Derive- (verb) to take, receive, or obtain, especially from a specified source; to make meaning out of something
 Figurative- (adjective) (of words, language, etc.) used with a meaning that is different from the basic meaning and that expresses an idea in an interesting way by using language that usually describes something else
 Interpret- (verb) to understand (an action, mood, or way of behaving) as having a particular meaning or significance
 Literal- (adjective) taking words in their usual or most basic sense without metaphor
 Origin- (noun) the point or place where something begins or is created; the source or cause of something
 Passage- (noun) a portion or section of a written work; a paragraph, verse, etc.
 Sufficient- (adjective) having or providing as much as is needed
 Summarize- (verb) to give a brief statement of the main points of (something)

Week 1/19-22

 Adequate- (adjective) satisfactory or acceptable in quality or quantity
 Advocate- (verb) to publicly recommend or support a particular cause or policy
 Credential- (noun)  a qualification, achievement, personal quality, or aspect of a person’s background, typically when used to indicate that they are suitable for something
 Dupe- (verb) to deceive; trick
 Inclination- (noun) a person’s natural tendency or urge to act or feel in a particular way
 Irony- (noun) the expression of one’s meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect
 Legitimacy- (noun) the state or quality of being lawful
 Reinforce- (verb) to strengthen or support, especially with additional personnel or material
 Reluctant- (adjective) unwilling and hesitant
 Revelation- (noun) a usually secret or surprising fact that is made known

Week 1/25-29

 Convention- (noun) a way in which something is usually done, especially within a particular area or activity
 Conviction- (noun) a strong belief or opinion
 Discourse- (noun) written or spoken communication or debate
 Dispute- (verb) to argue about (something); discuss heatedly
 Encompass- (verb) to surround and have or hold within
 Ethical- (adjective) being in accordance with the accepted principles of right and wrong that govern one’s conduct
 Oblivious- (adjective) not aware of or not concerned about what is happening around one
 Possession- (noun) the state of having, owning, or controlling something
 Prospect- (noun) the possibility or likelihood of some future event occurring
 Rehabilitate- (verb) to bring (someone or something) back to a normal, healthy condition after an illness, injury, drug problem, etc.

Week 2/1-5

 Coherent- (adjective) (of an argument, theory, or policy) logical and consistent
 Compulsory- (adjective) required by law or a rule; obligatory
 Delude- (verb) to impose a misleading belief upon (someone); deceive; fool
 Etiquette- (noun) a code of behavior that sets expectations for social behavior according to contemporary conventional norms within a society, social class, or group
 Formidable- (adjective) inspiring fear or respect through being impressively large, powerful, intense, or capable
 Invalidate- (verb) to make (an argument, statement, or theory) unsound or questionable
 Irrelevance- (noun) the quality or state of being unconnected with or relevant to something
 Pursuit- (noun) the action of following or pursuing someone or something
 Resent- (verb) to be angry or upset about (someone or something that you think is unfair)
 Unlawful- (adjective) not conforming to, permitted by, or recognized by law or rules

Week 2/9-12

 Arrogance- (noun) an insulting way of thinking or behaving that comes from believing that you are better, smarter, or more important than other people
 Forebode- (verb) (of a situation or occurrence) to act as a warning of (something bad)
 Haughty- (adjective) arrogantly superior and disdainful
 Ignorance- (noun) lack of knowledge or information
 Insinuate- (verb) to suggest or hint (something bad or responsible) in an indirect and unpleasant way
 Mechanism- (noun) A system of parts that operate or interact like those of a machine
 Obligation- (noun) an act or course of action to which a person is morally or legally bound; a duty or commitment
 Pry- (verb) inquire too closely into a person’s private affairs
 Radical- (adjective) very new and different from what is traditional or ordinary
 Scapegoat- (noun) a person or group that is made to bear blame for others

Week 2/22-26

 Aloof- (adjective) not showing or feeling interest; distant; uninterested
 Bane- (noun) a cause of harm, ruin, or death
 Despise- (verb) to regard as unworthy of one’s notice or consideration as if disgusting or disdainful
 Enclosed- (adjective) shut or hem in; close in on all sides
 Incredulous- (adjective) (of a person or their manner) unwilling or unable to believe something
 Miserly- (adjective) stingy with money and not likely to be generous
 Momentous- (adjective) (of a decision, event, or change) of great importance or significance, especially in its bearing on the future
 Obliged- (verb) to make (someone) legally or morally bound to an action or course of action
 Scrupulous- (adjective) (of a person or process) diligent, thorough, and extremely attentive to details; very concerned to avoid doing wrong
 Spectacle- (noun) a visually striking performance or display

Week 2/29-3/4

Alliteration- (noun) a literary stylistic device that occurs when a series of words in a row (or close to a row) have the same first consonant sound. i.e. Peter Piper picked a peck of peppers.
Anecdote- (noun) a short and amusing or interesting story about a real incident or person
Conflict- (noun) the result of competing desires or the presence of obstacles that need to be overcome. There are 3 main types of conflict: man vs. man, man vs. nature, and man vs. self
Diction- (noun) the writer’s or the speaker’s distinctive vocabulary choices and style of expression in a poem or story
Flashback- (noun) a device in the narrative of a motion picture, novel, etc., by which an event or scene taking place before the present time in the narrative is inserted into the chronological structure of the work
Irony- (noun) the expression of one’s meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect; a literary technique, originally used in Greek tragedy, by which the full significance of a character’s words or actions are clear to the audience or reader although unknown to the character
Metaphor- (noun) a figure of speech which makes an implicit, implied or hidden comparison between two things that are unrelated but share some common characteristics
Onomatopoeia- (noun) a word, which imitates the natural sounds of a thing. i.e. moo, boing, click, beep, fizz, vroom
Personification- (noun) when you give human qualities to an object or animal
Simile- (noun) a figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind, used to make a description more emphatic or vivid (usually using ‘like’ or ‘as’)

Week 3/7-11

Analogy- (noun) a comparison of two things based on their being alike in some way
Characterization- (noun) the process by which the writer reveals the personality of a character; portrayal
Foreshadow- (noun) be a warning or indication of (a future event)
Hyperbole-(noun) an exaggeration of ideas for the sake of emphasis/ to make a point
Imagery- (noun) visually descriptive or figurative language that represents objects, actions and ideas in such a way that it appeals to our physical senses
Juxtaposition- (noun) placing two things close together to see a contrasting effect
Symbol- (noun) a thing that represents or stands for something else, especially a material object representing something abstract
Syntax- (noun) a set of rules in a language that determines how words from different parts of speech are put together in order to convey a complete thought
Theme- (noun) a main idea or an underlying meaning of a literary work that may be stated directly or indirectly
Tone- (noun) an attitude of the writer toward a subject or an audience in a literary work


Week 3/14-18

 Bigotry- (noun) intolerance toward those who hold different opinions from oneself
 Clamor- (noun) a loud and confused noise, especially that of people shouting vehemently
 Entangle- (verb) involve (someone) in difficulties or complicated circumstances from which it is difficult to escape
 Helm- to steer (a boat or ship)
 Lucrative- (adjective) producing a great deal of profit
 Mogul- (noun) an important or powerful person in an industry
 Outlandish- (adjective) looking or sounding bizarre or unfamiliar
 Pseudonym- (noun) a fictitious name, especially one used by an author
 Systematic- (adjective) done or acting according to a fixed plan or system; methodical
 Undermine- (verb) to weaken someone or something secretly or little by little

Week 4/18-22

 Altercation- (noun) a noisy argument or disagreement, especially in public
 Berate- (verb) to scold or criticize (someone) angrily
 Brood- (verb) to think deeply about something that makes one unhappy
 Deficit- (noun) the amount by which something, especially a sum of money, is too small
 Inclination- (noun) a person’s natural tendency or urge to act or feel in a particular way; a disposition or propensity
 Lethargic- (adjective) of, relating to, or characterized by laziness or lack of energy
 Ratify- (verb) [of a contract or treaty] to officially approve it by signing or voting for it
 Reverence- (noun) a feeling or attitude of deep respect tinged with awe
 Stagnant- (adjective) characterized by lack of development, advancement, or progressive movement; showing no activity
 Trespass- (verb) to enter the owner’s land or property without permission

Week 5/2-6

 Contradict- (verb) to deny the truth of (a statement), especially by asserting the opposite
 Detachment- (noun) lack of emotion or of personal interest. : the act or process of separating something from a larger thing
 Devout- (adjective) having or showing deep religious feeling or commitment
 Dispel- (verb) to make (a doubt, feeling, or belief) disappear
 Earnest- (adjective) serious in intention, purpose, or effort
 Linger- (verb) to stay in a place longer than necessary, typically because of a reluctance to leave
 Notoriety- (noun) the state of being famous or well known for some bad quality or deed
Savor- (verb) to taste (good food or drink) and enjoy it completely
 Seldom- (adverb) not often; rarely
 Tranquil- (adjective) free from disturbance; calm

Week 5/9-13

 Ascertain- (verb) to find (something) out for certain; make sure of
 Contraband- (noun) goods that have been imported or exported illegally
 Contraption- (noun) a machine or device that appears strange or unnecessarily complicated, and often badly made or unsafe
 Discreet- (adjective) careful and circumspect in one’s speech or actions, especially in order to avoid causing offense or to gain an advantage
 Elude- (verb) to evade or escape from (a danger, enemy, or pursuer), typically in a skillful or cunning way
 Immoral- (adjective) not conforming to accepted standards of morality
 Martyr- (noun) a person who is killed because of their religious or other beliefs
 Obscure- (adjective) not discovered or known about; uncertain
 Precaution- (noun) a measure taken in advance to prevent something dangerous, unpleasant, or inconvenient from happening
 Uncouth- (adjective) (of a person or their appearance or behavior) lacking good manners, refinement, or grace

Week 5/16-20

 Accentuate- (verb) to make more noticeable or prominent
 Boycott- (verb) to withdraw from commercial or social relations with (a country, organization, or person) as a punishment or protest
 Dictate- (verb) to give orders, authoritative order or command
 Divulge- (verb) to to make known (private or sensitive information)
 Guru- (noun) an influential teacher or popular expert
 Maneuver- (verb) to move skillfully or carefully
 Notarize- (verb) to have (a document) legalized by a person authorized to perform certain legal formalities
 Reciprocal- (adjective) given, felt, or done in return
 Usurp- (verb) to take the place of (someone in a position of power) illegally or by force
 Vacuous- (adjective) having or showing a lack of thought or intelligence; mindless

Week 5/23-27

 Condense- (verb)

English definition: pack into a smaller space

Science definition: Condensation – gas turning into a liquid

 Convection- (noun)

English definition – to circulate

Science definition – to transfer heat by swirling or circulation

 Eclipse- (verb)

English definition: to become better than; surpass

Science definition: to block the light of (Solar eclipse, lunar eclipse)

 Erosion- (noun)

English definition – the act or state of eroding (the process by which the surface of the earth is worn away by the action of water, glaciers, wind, waves, etc.)

Science definition – the movement of rock by water, wind, etc.

 Friction- (noun)

English definition – conflict or animosity caused by a clash of wills, temperaments, or opinions

Science definition – rubbing one surface against another

 Locomotion- (noun)

English definition – movement

Science definition – movement (because of the muscular and skeletal systems)

 Metamorphosis- (noun)

English definition: a major change in the appearance or character of someone or something

Science definition: a major change in body structure (in the development of frogs, butterflies, and more)

 Regulation- (noun)

English definition: a law, rule, or other order by government

Science definition – Adjusting the internal workings of the human body in order to survive (example: regulating blood pressure or body temperature)

 Respiration- (noun)

English – the action of breathing

Science – Cellular respiration – turning food into energy; respiratory system – the organ system for breathing in oxygen and breathing out CO2

 Revolution- (noun)

English definition – to overthrow the established government

Science definition – to orbit (revolve) or go in a circle around something (don’t mix this up with rotate)

Week 5/31-6/3


 Dynamic Equilibrium- the ability for organisms to maintain “balance” inside their bodies (despite a changing environment)
 Precipitation- rain, snow, sleet, or hail
 Solubility- how much a solute (solid) dissolves in a solvent (liquid)
 Continental Drift- the theory that tectonic plates move
 Ecological Succession- How an ecosystem proceeds over time (after a forest fire or volcano, for example)
 Circulatory System- the system that moves or transports substances to and from cells in the body
 Excretory System- the system that removes waste from the body (kidneys, bladder, urine)
Respiratory System- the system for breathing in oxygen and breathing out carbon dioxide
Nervous System- the system for sensing and responding to stimuli (stimulation) from the environment
Endocrine System- the system that controls hormones (also for responding to environment)
Digestive System- the system that breaks down and absorbs food


Week 6/6-10

 Apprehend- (verb) to arrest (someone) for a crime
 Beacon- (noun) a light or other visible object serving as a signal, warning, or guide, especially at sea or on an airfield
 Chronology- (noun) the arrangement of events or dates in the order of their occurrence
 Decorum- (noun) correct or proper behavior that shows respect and good manners
 Eclectic- (adjective) selecting or using individual elements from a variety of sources, systems, or styles
 Faculty- (noun) an ability, natural or acquired, for a particular kind of action
 Flourish- (verb) (of a person, animal, or other living organism) to grow or develop in a healthy or vigorous way, especially as the result of a particularly favorable environment
 Nuisance- (noun) a person, thing, or circumstance causing inconvenience or annoyance
 Quota- (noun) an official limit on the number or amount of people or things that are allowed
 Revoke- (verb) to take back or withdraw; annul, cancel, or reverse

Week 6/13-17

 Alienate- (verb) to cause (someone) to feel that she or he no longer belongs in a particular group, society, etc.
 Audience- (noun) the assembled spectators or listeners at a public event, such as a play, movie, concert, or meeting
 Bewilderment- (noun) a feeling of confusion or lack of understanding
 Exempt- (verb) to free (a person or organization) from an obligation or liability imposed on others
 Exhilaration- (noun) a feeling of excitement, happiness, or elation
 Fascinate- (verb) to draw irresistibly the attention and interest of (someone)
 Relinquish- (verb) to voluntarily cease to keep or claim; give up
 Sinuous- (adjective) having many curves and turns
 Torrent- (noun) a sudden, violent, and copious outpouring of (something, typically words or feelings)
 Vegetation- (noun) the plants of an area or a region