ELA 702: Vocabulary Words

Vocabulary quizzes can come in the following format and/or a combination of formats:

  • Verbal: I say the word, you spell it
  • Matching: Match words to definitions/ synonyms
  • Synonym: I will provide the word, and you will provide a synonym, or vice versa

Week 10/5-10/9

Belittle- (verb) make (someone or something) seem unimportant
Dejected- (adjective) sad and depressed; dispirited
Diligent- (adjective) having or showing care and conscientiousness in one’s works or duties
Fatigue- (noun) extreme tiredness, typically resulting from mental or physical exertion or illness
Hysterical- (adjective) affected by uncontrolled extreme emotion
Inference- (noun) a conclusion reached on the basis of evidence and reasoning
Predicament- (noun) a difficult, unpleasant, or embarrassing situation
Strenuous- (adjective) requiring or using a lot of energy
Timid- (adjective) showing a lack of courage or confidence; easily frightened
Withstand- (verb) remain undamaged or unaffected by; resist


Week 10/13-10/16

Abyss- (noun) a bottomless gulf or pit
Arid- (adjective) lacking sufficient water or rainfall
Barrier- (noun) a structure or object that prevents free movement
Chronic- (adjective) long-lasting or characterized by long suffering
Desolate- (adjective) uninhabited and giving an impression of emptiness
Devour- (verb) to eat up greedily or ravenously
Inhabit- (verb) to live in; to be a resident of
Murky- (adjective) [of a liquid] cloudy with material that settles to the bottom of a liquid
Nomad- (noun) a member of a people who have no permanent home
Ominous- (adjective) threatening or foreshadowing evil or tragic developments


Week 10/19-10/23

 Emerge- (verb) to become apparent or known
 Hasty- (adjective) done or acting with excessive speed or urgency
 Indicate- (verb) point out or show
 Nauseous- (adjective) inclined to vomit
 Quench- (verb) satisfy (one’s thirst) by drinking; extinguish (a fire)
 Ravenous- (adjective) extremely hungry
 Scarce- (adjective) [especially of food, money, or some other resource] insufficient for the demand
 Trepidation- (noun) a feeling of fear or agitation about something that may happen
 Ultimate- (adjective) happening or coming at the end of a process, series of events, etc.; greatest or most extreme
 Wrath- (noun) vengeance or punishment as the consequence of anger


Week 10/26-10/30

 Banish- (verb) to send (someone) away from a country or place as an official punishment
 Counter- (verb) to speak or act in opposition/ against to
 Destination- (noun) the place to which someone or something is going or being sent
 Fatal- (adjective) causing or capable of causing death
 Narrate- (verb) to add a spoken commentary to (a film, television program, etc.); to give an account of (events, for example) in speech or writing  or by means of images
 Potential- (adjective) ) the capacity to become or develop into something in the future
 Quell- (verb) put an end to (a rebellion or other disorder), typically by the use of force; suppress (a feeling, especially an unpleasant one)
 Sociable- (adjective) willing to talk and engage in activities with other people; friendly
 Stamina- (noun) the ability to sustain physical or mental effort for a long time
 Zeal- (noun) great energy or enthusiasm for a cause or a goal

Week 11/2-11/6

Accept- (verb) to receive or take (something offered)
 Connotation- (noun) an idea or quality that a word makes you think about in addition to its meaning
 Denotation- (noun) the explicit or direct meaning or set of meanings of a word or expression
 Except- (preposition) not including (someone or something) : other than (something or someone)
 Loose- (adjective) Not firmly or tightly fixed in place; able to be detached/ separated
 Lose- (verb)to be unable to find (something or someone); to fail to win (a game, contest, etc.); to fail to keep or hold (something wanted or valued)
 Quotation- (noun) A group of words taken from a text or speech and repeated by someone other than the original author or speaker
 Quote- (verb)to repeat (something written or said by another person) exactly; to write or say the exact words of (someone)
 Stationary- (adjective) not moving; staying in one place or position
 Stationery- (noun) materials (such as paper, pens, and ink) that are used for writing or typing

Week 11/9-11/13

 Artificial- (adjective) made or produced by human beings rather than occurring naturally, especially as a copy of something natural
 Civil- (adjective) courteous and polite
 Dystopia- (noun) an imagined place or state in which everything is unpleasant or bad, typically a totalitarian or environmentally degraded one
 Familiar- (adjective) easy to recognize because of being seen, met, heard, etc. before
 Knowledge- (noun) facts, information, and skills acquired by a person through experience or education; the theoretical or practical understanding of a subject
 Invalid- (noun) a person made weak or disabled by illness or injury
 Logical- (adjective) of or according to the rules of logic or formal argument
 Occasion- (noun) a particular time or instance of an event
 Savior- (noun) a person who saves someone or something (especially a country or cause) from danger, and who is regarded with the great respect of a religious figure
 Utopia- (noun) an imagined place or state of things in which everything is perfect

Week 11/16-11/20

 Buy- (verb) to acquire the possession of, or the right to, by paying or promising to pay an equivalent, especially in money
 By- (preposition) identifying the agent performing an action
 Bye- (interjection) farewell [a conventional expression used at parting
 Cite- (verb) To quote or refer to (a book or author, for example) as an authority or example in making an argument
 Passed- (verb) to have left behind or on one side in proceeding
 Past- (noun) the time or a period of time before the moment of speaking or writing
 Sight- (noun) the ability or power of seeing
 Site- (noun) the place where something [such as a building] is, was, or will be located; the place, scene, or point of an occurrence or event
 Soar- (verb) to fly or rise high in the air
 Sore- (adjective) [Of a part of one’s body] painful or aching

Week 11/30-12/4

 Allusion- (noun) a brief and indirect reference to a person, place, thing or idea of historical, cultural, literary or political significance. It does not describe in detail the person or thing to which it refers.
 Bare- (adjective) [of a person or part of the body] not clothed or covered
 Bear- (verb) to hold up; support; endure
 Complement- (noun) either of two parts or things needed to complete the whole; counterpart
 Compliment- (noun) an expression of praise, commendation, or admiration; (verb) to congratulate
 Illusion- (noun) something that deceives by producing a false or misleading impression of reality
 Precede- (adjective) to go before, as in place, order, rank, importance, or time
 Principal- (noun) the head or director of a school; (adjective) first or highest in rank, importance, value, etc.
 Principle- (noun) A basic truth or proposition that serves as the foundation for a system of belief or behavior or for a chain of  reasoning
 Proceed- (verb) To go forward or onward, especially after an interruption

Week 12/7-12/11

 Arrogance- (noun) an insulting way of thinking or behaving that comes from believing that you are better, smarter, or more important than other people
 Companion- (noun) a person or animal with whom one spends a lot of time or with whom one travels
 Deprive- (verb) to deny (a person or place) the possession or use of something
 Ignorance- (noun) lack of knowledge, information, or education
 Immediate- (adjective) happening or done without delay
 Jeopardize- (verb) to put (someone or something) into a situation in which there is a danger of loss, harm, or failure; to risk
 Leisure- (noun) time free from the demands of work or duty, when one can rest, enjoy hobbies or sports, etc.
 Random- (adjective) having no specific pattern, purpose, or objective
 Tumult- (noun) a state of noisy confusion or disorder
 Venture- (verb) to dare to do something or go somewhere that may be dangerous or unpleasant

Week 12/14-12/18

 Decent- (adjective) conforming with generally accepted standards of respectable or moral behavior; of an acceptable standard; satisfactory
 Descent- (noun) the act, process, or fact of moving from a higher to a lower position
 Frail- (adjective) (of a person) weak and delicate; easily damaged or broken; fragile
 Havoc- (noun) a situation in which there is much destruction or confusion
 Prejudice- (noun) a positive or negative preconceived opinion or feeling formed beforehand or without knowledge, thought, or reason
 Rigid- (adjective) unable to bend or be forced out of shape; not flexible; not able to be changed or adapted
 Slain- (past participle) having been killed, destroyed, or extinguished due to violence
 Startle- (verb) to cause (a person or animal) to feel sudden shock or alarm
 Tension- (noun) a feeling of nervousness that makes you unable to relax; the state of being stretched tight
 Unify- (verb) to cause (people or things) to be joined or brought together

Week 1/4-8

 Acquaintance- (noun) a person one knows slightly, but who is not a close friend
 Brawl- (noun) a rough or noisy fight or quarrel
 Condemn- (verb) ) to express complete disapproval of, typically in public; to sentence (someone) to a particular punishment, especially death
 Dispute- (verb) to argue about (something); discuss heatedly
 Evaluate- (verb) to to judge or determine the significance, worth, or quality of; assess
 Medley- (noun) a varied mixture of people or things
 Neutral- (adjective) not helping or supporting either side in a conflict, disagreement, etc.; impartial
 Rummage- (verb) to search for something, but in a scattered, disorganized manner
 Surplus- (noun) an amount of something left over when requirements have been met; an excess of production or supply over demand
 Voyage- (noun) a long journey involving travel by sea or in space

Week 1/11-15

 Conclude- (verb) to bring (something) to an end; to arrive at a judgment or opinion by reasoning
 Convey- (verb) to make (an idea, impression, or feeling) known or understandable to someone; to communicate (a message or information)
 Derive- (verb) to take, receive, or obtain, especially from a specified source; to make meaning out of something
 Figurative- (adjective) (of words, language, etc.) used with a meaning that is different from the basic meaning and that expresses an idea in an interesting way by using language that usually describes something else
 Interpret- (verb) to understand (an action, mood, or way of behaving) as having a particular meaning or significance
 Literal- (adjective) taking words in their usual or most basic sense without metaphor
 Origin- (noun) the point or place where something begins or is created; the source or cause of something
 Passage- (noun) a portion or section of a written work; a paragraph, verse, etc.
 Sufficient- (adjective) having or providing as much as is needed
 Summarize- (verb) to give a brief statement of the main points of (something)

Week 1/19-22

 Association- (noun) an organized group of people who have the same interest, job, etc.
 Combination- (noun) a result or product of combining two or more things or people
 Conduct- (noun) the way that a person behaves in a particular place or situation
 Hypothetical- (adjective) assumed by hypothesis; supposed
 Elapse- (verb) [of time] pass or go by
 Glimpse- (noun) a momentary/brief or partial view
 Reputation- (noun) the beliefs or opinions that are generally held about someone or something
 Seize- (verb) to take hold of suddenly and forcibly
 Suspicion- (noun) a feeling or thought that something is possible, likely, or true
 Validate- (verb) to check or prove the validity or accuracy of (something)

Week 1/25-29

 Apparel- (noun) clothing
 Contribute- (verb) to to give (something, especially money) in order to help achieve or provide something
 Controversy- (noun) disagreement, typically when prolonged, public, and heated
 Establish- (verb) to set up (an organization, system, or set of rules) on a firm or permanent basis
 Expose- (verb) to leave (something) without covering or protection; to cause (someone) to experience something
 Intrigue- (verb) to arouse the curiosity or interest of; fascinate
 Migrate- (verb) (of an animal, typically a bird or fish) to move from one region or habitat to another, especially regularly according to the seasons
 Nocturnal- (adjective) done, occurring, or active at night
 Prohibit- (verb) to formally forbid (something) by law, rule, or other authority
 Situation- (noun) a set of circumstances in which one finds oneself; a state of affairs

Week 2/1-5

 Adjourn- (verb) to hold off the meeting of (a club, legislature, committee, etc.) to a future time, another place, or indefinitely
 Arrangement- (noun) the way that things or people are organized for a particular purpose or activity
 Cautious- (adjective) (of a person) careful to avoid potential problems or dangers
 Coherent- (adjective) (of an argument, theory, or policy) logical and consistent
 Erupt- (verb) (of an object) to explode with fire and noise resembling an active volcano
 Former- (adjective) preceding in order; being the first of two
 Latter- (adjective) situated or occurring nearer to the end of something than to the beginning
 Noxious- (adjective) harmful, poisonous, or very unpleasant
 Primitive- (adjective) relating to, denoting, or preserving the character of an early stage in the evolutionary or historical development of something
 Tentative- (adjective) not certain or fixed; done without confidence; hesitant

Week 2/9-12

 Accustom- (verb) to make (someone or something) accept something as normal or usual
 Ajar- (adjective) (of a door or other opening) slightly open
 Ample- (adjective) enough or more than enough; plentiful
 Begrudge- (verb) to envy (someone) the possession or enjoyment of (something)
 Flail- (verb) to wave or swing or cause to wave or swing wildly
 Insinuate- (verb) to suggest or hint (something bad or responsible) in an indirect and unpleasant way
 Mortify- (verb) to cause (someone) to feel embarrassed, ashamed, or humiliated
 Parcel- (noun) small package; bundle
 Squander- (verb) to waste (something, especially money or time) in a reckless and foolish manner
 Stout- (adjective) bulky in figure; heavily built

Week 2/22-26

 Adhere- (verb) to believe in and follow the practices of
 Astonishment- (noun) great surprise
 Curfew- (noun) a regulation requiring people to remain indoors between specified hours, typically at night
 Fragrant-(adjective) having a pleasant or sweet smell
 Impeccable- (adjective) (of behavior, performance, or appearance) in accordance with the highest standards of propriety; faultless
 Miserly- (adjective) stingy with money and not likely to be generous
 Obliged- (verb) to make (someone) legally or morally bound to an action or course of action
 Subsidize- (verb) to pay part of the cost of producing (something) to reduce prices for the buyer
 Transparent- (adjective) easily detected or seen through
 Vain- (adjective) having or showing an excessively high opinion of one’s appearance, abilities, or worth

Week 2/29-3/4

Alliteration- (noun) a literary stylistic device that occurs when a series of words in a row (or close to a row) have the same first consonant sound. i.e. Peter Piper picked a peck of peppers.
Anecdote- (noun) a short and amusing or interesting story about a real incident or person
Conflict- (noun) the result of competing desires or the presence of obstacles that need to be overcome. There are 3 main types of conflict: man vs. man, man vs. nature, and man vs. self
Diction- (noun) the writer’s or the speaker’s distinctive vocabulary choices and style of expression in a poem or story
Flashback- (noun) a device in the narrative of a motion picture, novel, etc., by which an event or scene taking place before the present time in the narrative is inserted into the chronological structure of the work
Irony- (noun) the expression of one’s meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect; a literary technique, originally used in Greek tragedy, by which the full significance of a character’s words or actions are clear to the audience or reader although unknown to the character
Metaphor- (noun) a figure of speech which makes an implicit, implied or hidden comparison between two things that are unrelated but share some common characteristics
Onomatopoeia- (noun) a word, which imitates the natural sounds of a thing. i.e. moo, boing, click, beep, fizz, vroom
Personification- (noun) when you give human qualities to an object or animal
Simile- (noun) a figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind, used to make a description more emphatic or vivid (usually using ‘like’ or ‘as’)


Week 3/7-11

Analogy- (noun) a comparison of two things based on their being alike in some way
Characterization- (noun) the process by which the writer reveals the personality of a character; portrayal
Foreshadow- (noun) be a warning or indication of (a future event)
Hyperbole-(noun) an exaggeration of ideas for the sake of emphasis/ to make a point
Imagery- (noun) visually descriptive or figurative language that represents objects, actions and ideas in such a way that it appeals to our physical senses
Juxtaposition- (noun) placing two things close together to see a contrasting effect
Symbol- (noun) a thing that represents or stands for something else, especially a material object representing something abstract
Syntax- (noun) a set of rules in a language that determines how words from different parts of speech are put together in order to convey a complete thought
Theme- (noun) a main idea or an underlying meaning of a literary work that may be stated directly or indirectly
Tone- (noun) an attitude of the writer toward a subject or an audience in a literary work

Week 3/14-18

Consecutive- (adjective) following continuously
 Contributor- (noun) a person or thing that contributes or adds to something, in particular
 Domestic- (adjective) of or relating to the running of a home or to family relations; existing or occurring inside a particular country; not foreign or international
 Emblem- (noun) an object or its representation, symbolizing a quality, state, class of persons, etc.
 Instability- (noun) the state of being unstable; tendency to unpredictable behavior or erratic changes of mood
 Strain- (verb) to force (a part of one’s body or oneself) to make a strenuous or unusually great effort
 Syndrome- (noun) a predictable, characteristic condition or pattern of behavior that tends to occur under certain circumstances
 Trivial- (adjective) of little value or importance; (of a person) concerned only with unimportant things
 Underestimate- (verb) estimate (something) to be smaller or less important than it actually is
 Vulnerable- (adjective) susceptible/ open to physical or emotional attack or harm

Week 4/18-22

 Abolish- (verb) to to formally put an end to (a system, practice, or institution)
 Amateur- (noun) a person who engages in a pursuit, especially a sport, on an unpaid basis
 Definite- (adjective) clearly defined or determined; not vague or general;exact
 Dread- (verb) to anticipate with great apprehension or fear
 Fragment- (noun) a small part broken or separated off something
 Offset- (verb) to counteract (something) by having an opposing force or effect; to place out of line
 Pursue- (verb) to follow (someone or something) in order to catch or attack them
 Sentiment- (noun) an attitude, thought, or judgment colored or prompted by feeling or emotion
 Slander- (verb) to make false and damaging statements about (someone) to ruin his/her reputation
 Sluggish- (adjective) slow to respond or make progress; lacking energy or alertness

Week 5/2-6

 Anticipation- (noun) a feeling of excitement about something that is going to happen. : the act of preparing for something
 Castaway- (noun) a person who has been shipwrecked and stranded in an isolated place
 Interruption- (noun) an ​occasion when someone or something ​stops something from ​happening for a ​short ​period
 Intervene- (verb) to become involved in something (such as a conflict) in order to have an influence on what happens
 Jeopardy- (noun) danger of loss, harm, or failure
 Listless- (adjective) (of a person or their manner) lacking energy or enthusiasm
 Obstruct- (verb) to block (an opening, path, road, etc.); be or get in the way of
 Satisfy- (verb) to meet the expectations, needs, or desires of (someone)
 Temporary- (adjective) lasting for only a limited period of time; not permanent
 Wallow- (verb) to spend time experiencing or enjoying something without making any effort to change your situation, feelings, etc.

Week 5/9-13

 Bluff- (noun) an attempt to deceive someone into believing that one can or will do something
 Defiance- (noun) a daring or bold resistance to authority or to any opposing force
 Essential- (adjective) absolutely necessary; extremely important
 Exasperate- (verb) to irritate intensely; infuriate
 Impressionable- (adjective) easily influenced because of a lack of critical ability
 Inefficient- (adjective) not achieving maximum productivity; wasting or failing to make the best use of time or resources
 Insight- (noun) the capacity to gain an accurate and deep intuitive understanding of a person or thing
 Malady- (noun) a disease or ailment
 Sabotage- (verb) to deliberately destroy, damage, or obstruct (something), especially for political or military advantage
 Waver- (verb) to be undecided between two opinions or courses of action; be irresolute

Week 5/26-20

 Adolescence- (noun) the period following the onset of puberty during which a young person develops from a child into an adult
 Amok- (adverb) behave uncontrollably and disruptively
 Disheveled- (adjective) (of a person’s hair, clothes, or appearance) untidy; disordered
 Embezzle- (verb) to steal or misappropriate (money placed in one’s trust or belonging to the organization for which one works)
 Implement- (verb) to put (a decision, plan, agreement, etc.) into effect
 Infancy- (noun) the state or period of early childhood or babyhood
 Premature- (adjective) occurring or done before the usual or proper time; too early
 Prosecute- (verb) to hold a trial against a person who is accused of a crime to see if that person is guilty
 Sham- (noun) something that is not what it appears to be and that is meant to trick or deceive people
 Wholesome- (adjective) suggesting good health or behavior

Week 5/23-27

 Budget- (noun) a plan used to decide the amount of money that can be spent and how it will be spent
 Dispute- (verb) to argue about (something); discuss heatedly
 Immobilize- (verb) to prevent (something or someone) from moving or operating as normal
 Juvenile- (adjective) of, for, or relating to young people
 Morale- (noun) the feelings of enthusiasm and loyalty that a person or group has about a task or job
 Murmur- (verb) to say something in a low, soft, or indistinct voice
 Nuisance- (noun) a person, thing, or circumstance causing inconvenience or annoyance
 Recruit- (verb) to find suitable people and get them to join a company, an organization, the armed forces, etc.
 Skeptical- (adjective) having or expressing doubt about something (such as a claim or statement)
 Transmitted- (past participle/ past verb) broadcast or send out (an electrical signal or a radio or television program); pass on (a disease or trait) to another

Week 5/31-6/3

 Apprehensive- (adjective) anxious or fearful that something bad or unpleasant will happen
 Appropriate- (verb) to take (something) for one’s own use, typically without the owner’s permission
 Bypass- (verb) to go past or around
 Generation- (noun) all of the people born and living at about the same time, regarded collectively
 Hesitation- (noun) the action of pausing or hesitating before saying or doing something
 Landscape- (noun) a large area of countryside, especially in relation to its appearance
 Nurture- (verb) to care for and encourage the growth or development of
 Prompt- (verb) to assist or encourage (a hesitating speaker) to say something
 Sensation- (noun) a physical feeling or perception resulting from something that happens to or comes into contact with the body
 Substance- (noun) physical material from which something is made


Week 6/6-10

 Apparent- (adjective) clearly visible or understood; obvious
 Embarrass- (verb) to cause (someone) to feel awkward, self-conscious, or ashamed
 Exhilarate- (verb) to make (someone) feel very happy, animated, or elated
 Inevitable- (adjective) unable to be avoided, evaded, or escaped
 Liaison- (noun) a person who helps organizations or groups to work together and provide information to each other
 Maintenance- (noun) the process of maintaining or preserving someone or something
 Misspell- (verb) to spell (a word) incorrectly
 Personnel- (noun) a body of persons employed in an organization or place of work
 Recommend- (verb) to put forward (someone or something) with approval as being suitable for a particular purpose or role
 Temperamental- (adjective) (of a person) liable to unreasonable changes of mood


Week 6/13-17

 Boundary- (noun) a line that marks the limits of an area; a dividing line.
 Campaign- (verb) to work in an organized and active way toward a particular goal, typically a political or social one
 Consequence- (noun) a result or effect of an action or condition
 Dissatisfy- (verb) to cause to be displeased, especially by failing to provide something expected or desired
 Eminent- (adjective) (of a person) famous and respected within a particular sphere or profession
 Preference- (noun) a greater liking for one alternative over another or others
 Profession- (noun) a paid occupation, especially one that involves prolonged training and a formal qualification
 Substitute- (noun) a person or thing acting or serving in place of another
 Tendency- (noun) an inclination toward a particular characteristic or type of behavior
 Unnecessary- (adjective) not necessary or essential; needless